By Retired Lt. Col. Terrence G. Popravak, Jr., 405th Fighter Squadron
/ Published September 17, 2021
Flight Officer William Gorman, 405th Fighter Squadron pilot, poses for a picture in the cockpit of a Republic P-47D Thunderbolt. Groman, a MIA/POW, was shot down near Normandy, France, Aug. 7, 1944. (Courtesy photo)
Pictured is a Republic P-47D-20-RE Thunderbolt, aka “Mumblin Joe,” prior to a combat mission in 1944. Assigned to the 371st Fighter Group’s 405th Fighter Squadron, the aircraft bore the name of pilot Lt. Arthur W. Holderness Jr., with the individual aircraft letter of “H” aft of the national insignia on the fuselage. (Idaho Air National Guard photo by Maj. Tom Silkowski)
Pictured is the Tablets of the Missing at the Brittany American Cemetery near St. James, France including Flight Officer William Gorman. Groman, a MIA/POW, was shot down near Normandy, France, Aug. 7, 1944. (Find-A-Grave courtesy photo)
Southward from Advanced Landing Ground A-6 near Sainte-Mère-Église, Normandy, France, the P-47 Thunderbolt fighters pilots flew. Two months after D-Day, they were on a summer evening armed reconnaissance mission which took them to the St. Nazaire area, still occupied by Nazi forces. But before they found an enemy target to strike, the enemy struck them.
Flight Officer William Gorman was one of the P-47 pilots on the mission. He was from Brooklyn, New York, and one of the founding members of the 405th Fighter Squadron and its parent 371st Fighter Group, part of the original cadre at Richmond Army Air Base, Virginia, that formed the unit in the summer of 1943.
A year later, he was in the thick of the combat as the Allies battled in Normandy and sought to break out from the enclave carved out since D-Day. Late in the day Aug. 7, 1944, Gorman flew an armed reconnaissance mission with Discharge Squadron in a P-47. The 405th FS had been running frequent armed recce missions that day, every two hours. He took off as Yellow 4 in a flight of the squadron from Advanced Landing Ground A-6, and set a course of 180 degrees for the St. Nazaire area along the coast of France. As Gorman and the other ships on the mission reached the area, they found visibility to be about three or four miles, a bit hazy.
First Lt. Francis T. Evans, Jr., Gorman’s element leader (Yellow 3 in Yellow Flight), described what happened next in Missing Air Crew Report 7646:
“At approximately 1940, we were flying south straight and level at 7,500 feet over the bay, south of St. Nazaire, when heavy flak burst to our right and on level.
We immediately began taking evasive action. I started a climbing turn to the left but made the climb straight ahead when I found that I was getting too close to Yellow leader. Gorman was close to my wing when flak burst between us. He started to turn towards me and then roll away doing a diving turn to the right. I followed him and he was soon going straight down. I yelled for him to pull up but he (his) plane continued on in its dive hitting the water vertically. I saw no sign of his attempting to bail out.”
The location Gorman went down at was listed as grid coordinate vX-4263 (Modified British System, French Lambert Zone 1 Grid) off the French coast just south of St. Nazaire. The graphic from the MACR 7646 shows about where that was.
No search was subsequently made, given the eyewitness report of the circumstances of his loss, the pace of the war and the enemy presence in the area. Gorman and his aircraft apparently remain missing to this day, gone, but not forgotten.
Gorman is remembered on the Tablets of the Missing at Brittany American Cemetery, St. James, France. He was awarded the Air Medal with silver oak leaf cluster.
Fast forward about 77 years and Gorman is remembered in another way, by his squadron. After the war, in November, 1945, the 371st FG and its three fighter squadrons; 404th FS, 405th FS and the 406th FS, were inactivated.
On May 24, 1946, as part of the postwar buildup of the air component of the National Guard, the 371st FG was redesignated as the 142nd FG and allotted to Oregon. The group’s 404th FS became the 186th FS and was allotted to Montana. The 405th FS was redesignated the 190th FS and allotted to Idaho.
On May 24, 2021, the Idaho Air National Guard celebrated its 75th anniversary at Gowen Field near Boise, Idaho. As part of the celebration, a special commemorative paint scheme was unveiled on one of the unit’s A-10C Thunderbolt II aircraft, the unit’s “Heritage Hog,” which wore the colors and markings of a 405th FS P-47 in 1944.
Of special note, the name of a World War II pilot of the squadron was painted on the aircraft, in honor of the 190th FS’ only remaining member missing in action, F/O William Gorman.
Gorman is one of five MIA’s from the 142nd Wing from the European Theater of Operations. In addition, the unit has three MIAs from the Pacific Theater, and three more from the Mediterranean Theater.
On this National Prisoner of War/Missing in Action Recognition Day, 2021, we salute F/O Gorman and the other missing World War II Airmen of the unit. They answered the call to duty for our country—may they yet return home.